EVOC (Emergency Vehicle Operations Course) for EMS/Fire is a 16-hour program designed for current/active Fire and EMS personnel. The program is divided into a classroom and a range portion. The classroom portion (8 hours) covers state laws, case law, due regard, and discussion regarding civil liability concerns to the agency and the individual. The classroom portion also addresses the importance of a department policy and its application to personnel. The unique handling characteristics of the apparatus are explained and proper driving techniques are discussed. The range portion is divided among the participants to allow them hands-on practice in maneuvering their apparatus. Range programs that are held off campus usually involve the following exercises: Straight-line Backing, Offset Maneuver, Dutton's Weave, Alley Dock, Turn-around Maneuver, Serpentine both forward and backing. Heavy emphasis is put on proper usage of mirrors. Additional exercises included on campus usually consist of Drop Shoulder, Evasive Maneuver, Controlled Brake, and Skid Control. Vehicles used at any range are to be provided by the student.